For undergraduate courses in Motivation.This experimentally-oriented text provides a critical examination of research and theory with a topical approach. It covers a broad range of motivational concepts from both human and animal theory and research, with an emphasis on the biological bases of motivation.NEW - Chapter-opening motivational questions-Replaces chapter outlines of previous edition. Engages students interest in the chapters' topics.NEW - Section-end summaries. Enables students to review important concepts, and their understanding of them, in each section before moving on.NEW - Rewritten content and added references throughout-Introduces new material. Improves the readability of the text and increases students' interest in it.A historical perspective-Maintains its relevancy with new material. Familiarizes students with older concepts and their strengths and weaknesses, which may correlate with new concepts.Extensive coverage of emotion (Ch. 2)-Incorporates recent research on theories and analyses of cognition and emotion. Helps students to understand the complex relationship between emotion and motivation.In-depth discussion of evolutionary concepts-Includes the role of genetics in relation to emotion/motivation. Provides students with a better understanding of biological backgrounds.Systematic presentation of theories-Details the presentation relevant theories of learning and emotion, as well as motivation. Assists students in relating theory and motivation.Coverage of preattentive processes-Features ("unconscious processes") in chapters on emotion (Ch. 2), fear learning (Ch. 8), and anxiety. Introduces students to current concepts within the study of motivation.