Since the 1996 publication of "Translational Control", there has been fresh interest in protein synthesis and recognition of the key role of translational control mechanisms in regulating gene expression. This monograph updates and expands the scope of the earlier book but it also takes a fresh look at the field. In a new format, the first eight chapters provide broad overviews, while each of the additional 28 has a focus on a research topic of more specific interest. The result is an up-to-date account of initiation, elongation, and termination of translation, control mechanisms in development in response to extracellular stimuli, and the effects on the translational machinery of virus infection and disease. This book should be useful to students entering the field and an comprehensive resource for investigators of gene expression and its control.