From an award-winning author comes a concise, dramatic, and moving history of the ongoing struggle of African-Americans for education rights. From Colonial times to the ground-breaking case of Brown v. the Board of Education and up to the present, Haskins describes the shocking history of black education and asserts that the future will determine how to deal with America's essentially separate by unequal schools. "The facts speak volumes..."-Booklist. September 3, 1957 was not the run-of-the-mill first day of school in Little Rock, Arkansas. On that day, in a court-ordered attempt to desegregate the schools in the South, nine courageous black students were sent to Central High School, only to be met by a wall of soldiers. The governor of Arkansas had called in the National Guard to prevent the black students from entering. How, in this nation founded on the principle that all men are created equal, could this happen? How could so much hatred have been directed at students who simply wanted to go to school? Haskins answers these questions by tracing the history of Blacks in America. He takes the reader back to a time when slaves were forbidden to learn to read and write because owners feared what effect education would have on their work force. The book moves forward, covering the Emancipation Proclamation and Reconstruction, during which the first black colleges in the South--Berea, Fisk, Hampton, and Tougaloo--were founded. Information about the Civil Rights Movement and historic court cases is also included. The book ends with an up-to-date chapter that details recent developments in segregation, education, and minority achievement.